Music styles

Acid Jazz

This music is the generation of musicians growing up in jazz, funk and hip-hop, and uses elements of all three directions. These features of Acid Jazz, as the saturation of percussion, as well as the mostly live performance makes this style is closer to jazz and Afro-Cuban music than other dance tracks. C the other hand, accentuated groove of the Caribbean Acid Jazz with funk and hip-hop. The term first appeared in 1988, at the same time as the name of an American record label, and the British series of compilations, which was Corrected jazz and Funk music 70 years and who had previously called the British rare groove. In the late 80′s – early 90′s there were many artists Acid Jazz, who are both “live” team – Stereo MC’s, James Taylor Quartet, the Brand New Heavies, Groove Collective, Galliano, Jamiroquai, and studio projects – PALm Skin Productions, Mondo GroSSO, Outside, and United Future Organization.


Alternative

For the most part, Alternative genre characterized by the same features that have always been inherent in Heavy Metal (strong, loud guitar riffs and molotyaschie), but the alternative direction enriched the genre of punk concept. Rather than follow the traditional clearly frivolous topics that dominated the mainstream-Heavy Metal, the group belonging to the Alternative Metal, tried to take in his work for the deeper problems, almost as well, as did Metallica, but only with their blind rapidly intricate guitar solos and thick, roaring vocals.
Actually the music alternativschiki-Metalist initially followed a more atonal (inharmonious) tones than traditional metal group. However, after the Great breakthrough of the Nirvana in the early 90′s when Grunge began to dominate the hard rock, all the features of the Alternative Metal became more blurred: this genre has become a stretch of molotyaschih, discordant Helmet and important, majestic riffs Stone Temple Pilots. .. Soon already, most new metal bands were seen only as alternative, although except for concert presentations and typical fuzzy distortion sound of their little differs from traditional Metalist.


Ambient

Ambient was founded on the basis of experiments with the fusion of electronic music, musicians such as Brian Eno and Kraftwerk, and the dance trance techno in 80 of the 20 th century. Ambient uses electronic reverberation and spatial audio technology, it plays an important role is the texture of sound, rather than writing the texts and music. Music is changing slowly, has a recurring nature, so for the inexperienced listener might seem the same. While the content and tone of the compositions ambient artists are great differences between them. Ambient style became popular cult music in the early 90′s heads, thanks to ambient-techno music the Orb and Aphex Twin. Ambient literally means the environment, obvolakivanie, dive. There is a legend about the origins of this style, which Ambient was coined by one of the greatest sound producer end of the XX century Ino Brian (Brian Eno). Once at the hospital and lay bedfast long time, Ino began to listen to sounds, brings out the windows of his chamber, go to them their inner melodies. Then he started writing the noise environment and make one whole track. Then he released all of this in several discs under the title Ambient. Of course, now need to distinguish between original and Ambient Electronic. Electronic ambient is soft and malleable music, which is not clearly defined bits. It is quiet music, which is used as background noise loops, and the main melody plays unobtrusively and usually are very long. In ambient frequently used fragments of phrases, bits of sound from old movies, haytekovskie sounds and most importantly a lot of reverb and echo. Now you can see very little ambienta pure. Ambient elements are now in almost all styles of house and hip-hop, so this style PROTEK all the rest and go back to the oblivion from which it pulled Ino, not going. The best-known musicians are Ambient-Pete Namlook, Aphex Twin, Seefeel, The Future Sound of London, The Orb, Delerium.


Bass

rises from the fertile dance scene in Miami (Freestyle) and Detroit (Electro) in the mid 80′s, Bass Music brought Funky-Breaks from esteticheskieh 70 in the digital age with the frequency AMD machines capable of asking such a rabid and bass rhythm that most automotive acoustics, or the club, those times are not able to. Miami was the first pioneers 2 Live Crew and DJ Magic Mike – they pushed it into a distinctive style, and obsessed with the audience, and Science were pervoispytatelyami DJ Assault, DJ Godfather and DJ Bone that all the aforementioned mixed with Techno, to create an extremely fast, for momentum, music. Bass Music even joined in many dance charts in the early 90′s. Such teams as the South’s 95 and 69 Boyz ‘and their song “Whoot (There It Is)” and “Tootsee Roll” not only hit the charts, but also achieved the status of the “Multi-platinum.”


Blues

Blues (eng. blues from the blue devils – melancholy, gloom) – a single song or a genre of blues music, has been widely disseminated in 20 ‘of the XX century. He is one of the achievements of African-American culture. There is such ethnic styles of black African-American community as the “Working Song” (engl. Work song), “spirituals” (eng. Spirituals) and cholera (eng. Holler). In many ways, influenced the modern pop music, especially genres such as “Pop” (English Popular music), “Jazz” (eng. Jazz), “rock’n’roll” (eng. Rock’n’roll). The dominant form of blues ¾, where the first 4 bar is often played at the tonic harmony, and 2 – in the subdominant and tonic, and 2 – in the dominant and tonic. A characteristic feature of blues are the “Blue Notes.” Most music is based on the structure of «the question – the answer», expressed both in the lyrical songs of the filling, and the music is often built on a dialogue between the instruments themselves. Blues is an improvised form of music where the compositions are often used only the main base “skeleton” to outplay solo instruments. The original blues themes based on the sensory component of the social life of African-American population, the difficulties and obstacles in the way each voznbkayuschih black man.


Breaks

Breaks Nesmotpya its “chepnye” roots to the early nineties, House music is very pitmicheski uppostilas and potepyala original enepgetiku negpityanskogo ghetto. It then appeared Breaks, in kotopom used the sound of hip-hop, peggi, pezhe paga.


Breakbeat

Breakbeat – ( “broken” bits) style, or to be more precise, the whole area, was formed in the early 90th, stylistically finally emerged in 1994 . The place of his birth is considered to be the UK and major cities, where this style initially received the most prevalent, are the London and Bristol. The name reflects his style very essence: no candor and tenderness. Often the term “breykbit” is called a specific aggressive music at a pace of about 130-140 bpm, with a thick guitar sound, with clear emphasis on the drum 2 and 4 share and race in the region of the 3rd. The main criterion for determining “breykbita are clean, virtually no processed drums and percussion (except that the compression) and a standard rhythm of 4 / 4. Purposefulness audio highlights tangible bass, with the use of analog devices such as “Roland TB-303. Sometimes, for a final pathos, used brass instruments, or symphony orchestra.


Chillout

Chillout (from English. Chillout, Chill out music) – the style of electronic music, the name of which comes from the English slang word meaning «relaxation».

Born in the early 1990′s, then chil-out was relatively aware and slow. At that time it was released a few albums with the underlying device «Chill Out» in the title. These albums were also closely associated with the style dauntempo, trip-hop, slow variations house music, nu-jazz, lounge and psibienta. This musical style is also influenced trance, ambient and creative style of dance music (IDM). The term «chil-out» is used to describe the tone, «relaxing» music or at least not as tense as in the aforesaid predecessors. For chil-autu wrong include various kinds of hypnotic rhythms. Sometimes, instead of chil-out, using the name of «soft techno».
Recently Chil-out has become popular among the progressive trance and progressive house music, making their work more varied. That is why this genre sometimes called Ibiza Trance / Balearic House – on behalf of the island of Ibiza, as well as Goa-trance under the name of Goa, India. This music reflects the atmosphere of the island of Ibiza, and fans of the genre as they say, listening to this eyforisticheskuyu and raising the spiritual music that you can vividly imagine a Mediterranean sunset. This effect is achieved through the use of synthesized sounds of strings, sound waves, mandolin and guitar, as well as «shepchushego» vocals.
Chil-out is also called a dance floor at a fairly large gigs (parties) in the style of Goa-trance and its derivatives, or a zone of rest in dance clubs. In chil-out usually play relaxing music styles mentioned above, dancing on the main dance floor come to rest. The largest mental activities is also equipped with special «dark»-dance floor, where the play dark psytrance – a kind of opposite of chil-autu.


Сlassic

Music (from the Greek, etc.. μουσική – the art of music) – the art of tone, a piece of music. Artistic activities in the music is aimed at the sound material (audio music) – the individual sounds or sound systems (the sequence of harmonic, rhythmic figures, melodic intervals, Lada, tone, Sonorant effects, etc.), organized in altitude, temporal, timbre, gromkostnom and other relationships in order to implement the special shape of thought, associated conditions and processes of the outside world, internal feelings of people with hearing impressions (art image).



Classic Rock

Rock music (English Rock music) – the name of generalizing many areas of music, existing since the mid 1950′s. The word «rock» – rock – in this case points to the characteristic of these rhythmic sensations associated with some form of motion, similar to «roll», «twist», «swing», «shake», etc. These signs rock music as the use of elektromuzykalnyh tools, creative self (for rock music characterized by execution of the songs of their own compositions) are secondary and often misleading. For this reason, some of the styles of music to року contested. Also, rock is a special phenomenon subkulturnym; subcultures such as fashion, hippies, punks, metallers, goths are inextricably linked with certain genres of rock music.

Rock music has a lot of directions: from the light of genres such as dance-rock-n-roll, pop rock, britpop to the brutal and aggressive genres – death metal and grind. The contents of the songs range from light and easy to dark, deep and philosophical. Most rock music is the opposite of pop music, and Sc. «Pop», although the clear distinction between the concepts of «rock» and «pop» does not exist, and many musical events on the brink between them.

origins of rock music lie in the blues, which came first, and rock genres – rock ‘n’ roll and rockabilly. First podzhanry rock arose in connection with the folk and pop music of the time – primarily folk, country, skiffl, music-hall. Since its inception, there were attempts to combine rock music with almost all possible types of music – from the academic music (rock art, appears in the late 60′s), jazz (jazz-rock, appears in the late 60′s – early 70′s ), Latin music (Latin-rock, appears in the late 60′s), Indian music (Raga-rock, appears in the mid 60′s). In 60-70-ies there were almost all major podzhanry rock music, the largest of which, in addition to the above are hard rock, punk rock, rock-avant-garde. In the late 70′s and early 80′s with such a genre of rock music as post-punk, new wave, alternative rock, rock wheat (although in the late 60-ies appear early representatives of this direction), hardcore (large podzhanr punk-rock), as well as the brutal podzhanry metal – death metal, black metal. In the 90 years of development have been widely genres Grange (appeared in the mid 80′s), Brit-pop (a mid-60′s), an alternative metal (appears in the late 80′s).
The main centers of development of rock music – United States and Western Europe (especially UK). Most of the texts of songs – in English. However, although as a rule, and with some delay, a national rock music emerged in virtually all countries. Russian rock music (the so-called. Russian rock) appeared in the USSR in 1960-1970′s. and reached peak development in the 1980′s., continuing to grow in 1990.


Club

Club / Dance music is in many styles, from Disco to Hip-Hop’a. In history there are many different dances that are performed under a variety of dance music to include and Club / Dance. Music Club / Dance became an independent style in the mid 70′s, when the modified Soul Disco and whole clubs devoted to dancing-hall. In 75-77 years, dance clubs played only the Disco, but by the end of the decade, it is modified and shifted to other forms of style. All of these forms were collected under a single term “Club / Dance”, came into this comb Dance-Pop, Hip-Hop, House and Techno, and many other styles. Taken together, these bound styles and connects only one thing – the rhythm – in each dance style, rhythm is the most important condition.

Club House is a branch came in the early 90′s, when a wave of commercial music has swept Europe. Just as in the 80′s disco club called the typical music of the 90′s line was formed for the sole purpose of which was to make people dance. Simply put, the foundation has hausovskoy, but have been removed, all discordant melody mix, the vocals become more “sweet”, “difficult” to understand the ordinary listener syncope were also dropped. The result was a simple and accessible music with unpretentious rhythm and a simple arrangement. Hekotorye variety of music is also called a handbag (the name came from a kind of dance that is performed by young girls on the dance floor). Haibolee interesting form of a club house, you can take-Mellow House, which used pure relaxation and the corresponding bit sounds.


Hip-Hop/Trip-Hop

In terms of music Rap, Hip-Hop usually refers to cultures – risuyuschey on the walls, dancing breakdance and torque “vinyl” in addition to repovym rifmovkam — ambient music. As a musical style, however, Hip-Hop is a type of music that is created, taking all the attention these attributes. Since the direction revolved on a musical stage long enough to have a history of its development, the Hip-Hop team began to look at the art of old-school masters as MCs Kurtis Blow and Whodini, and DJs Grandmaster Flash and Afrika Bambaataa. In fact, the latest surge in popularity (Zulu Nation) occurred in the late 80-ies around the two most famous Hip-Hop Artist – De La Soul and A Tribe Called Quest. In the 90′s, when the real breakthrough occurred in Rap music, dozens of Hip-Hop music began to return to the origins of old school ( “old school”), including the Underground reperov such as Mos Def and Pharoahe Monch.

The basis of his Hip-Hop – are rhythmical accompaniment to rap texts, executed in a very unhurried manner. In it there is a minimalist approach to the use of samples, and lupov typical game on the “vane” player. The main burden falls on the bass and the heavy sound of drums. Groups such as Public Enemy and others used the rhythms of Hip-Hop, adding to the rap-text of a social nature.

Another in a long line of direction, cleave to the dance culture of the UK during post-acid house and rapidly changing constantly experimenting underground. Trip-Hop was created by British music magazines in order to describe the new style, consisting of downtempo, jazz-, funk-and experimental breakbeat music which began to appear in 1993. with the participation of such record companies as Mo’Wax, Ninja Tune, Cup of Tea, and Wall of Sound. Similar (although most without vocals) on the American hip-hop to use semplirovannyh drum breaks, the style was more experimental phenomenon that inspired a large number of elements of ambient and psychotropic atmosphere. Thus, the term “trip” quickly takes root and has been used to describe all of Portishead and Tricky and DJ Shadow and UNKLE, Coldcut, Wagon Christ, and Depth Charge unfortunately many of these musicians, who saw his music as the expansion of boundaries of conventional hip – hop, rather than its new branch, used to create noise. One of the first commercially important hybrid-based dance music – the full version of the album in the style of trip-hop, permanent leaders of alternative charts in the UK and in the opinion of musicians, such as Shadow, Tricky, Morcheeba, the Sneaker Pimps and Massive Attack, this style has a significant penetration of the music the first wave of “electronica” in America.


D `n` B Intelligence

DRUM’N’BASS – one of the embodiments of “breykbita. There is the beginning of the 90th as the style, which combines bass line at the rate of 80 bpm and a lot of different drums in tempo 160 bpm. Nothing more. Due to the temperament of drums, this style is seen as a dance, because of the slow (often with reggiynym character) bass lines you can take a relaxing music. Gradually this style were added beautiful, sometimes melancholic melodies. In short, by the middle of the 90th “Drum’n’bass” slowly but surely evolved into intellidzhent Jungle.
INTELLIGENT – music with such a characteristic is more likely to listen and calm pastime than for use at parties, especially as the design танцпола. There intellidzhent-versions of the Jungle, “” techno “. Compared to the clean styles of a more reasonable version of melodic, atmospheric, there can be traced theme, often very nice.


Disco

Disco (English Disco, the letters. «disco») – a genre of dance music originating in the early 1970-x’s. Disco was developed almost simultaneously in the United States and Europe. For the typical American disco sound that is close to funk and Soylu. European disco is closely intertwined with the traditional pop and the general trends of pop music. One of the first disco hit in Europe was the song «J’attendrai» performed by Dalida (1975). In the U.S., the first hits of style are left in the 1974 «Rock The Boat» Hughes Corporation (an American hit number 1 year), «Rock You Baby» George Makkreya and «Love’s Theme» Love Unlimited Orchestra (Theme from the k / f «Heat»). The overall formula disco song is as follows: a dance rhythm in the rate of 120 beats per minute and «live» the melody, often heavily orchestrate.


Downtempo

Downtempo (eng. downtempo – understated pace) or daunbit (downbeat) – style of modern electronic music. Music is characterized by a slow pace, often broken. Close to trip-hop, but less pressing and depressive. Close to ambient, but has a rhythmic structure, often consisting of lupov with “hypnotic” effect. Is characterized by a constant desire to innovate.


Easy Listening

Easy Listening (Easy Listening) – no particular direction in the music and the attitude of the audience. But still we are in this section is called Easy Listening certain style. Easy Listening – the music, which is easily perceived, and does not require a special understanding of rhythm and melody. The history of this style starts with the 50-ies, when a famous musician Henry Manchini wrote sound track for the first cartoon series “Pink Panther” films and many 50-60-ies. Press already since the beginning of hysterical show interest in this direction. Major record companies literally engulf Easy Listening music suggestions on issues of their albums. In addition, various companies involved and even reprints of classics in the style of Easy Listening music now that we can hear in the sound track to the various films such as “From dusk to dawn,” “Criminal fiction,” “Four Rooms,” “Generation X”, ” Romeo + (s) Juliet “, etc.


Electroclash

Electroclash – a genre of popular music incorporates elements of new wave, punk and electronic dance. Elektrokleshevye musicians use: the sound tradition of 80 years (synthesizers, often early analog, drum machine), the retro sounds, musical minimalism, combining it with visual images of 70-80′s, vintage aesthetics of disco and punk. Prototypes elektroklesh aesthetics can be seen in the cult film «Liquid sky». One of the founders elektroklesha considered Suicide. Elektroklesh gained popularity in the late 90′s in New York and Detroit. The official place of birth is considered to be in the club Lax Villyamsburge, arranged a party where Larry Tee, a man who invented the word «elektroklesh» and owns the rights to it. The origins of the names are in the joints of influences experienced by a number of European and American groups working in this vein. Lyrics in borrowing themes punk, often aggressive and pay more attention to emotions, rather than technique.


Electronic

Electronic – Musical School focuses on the study and application opportunities zvukosinteza, the creation of entirely new, not previously heard of artificial sound. Historically, the ground for the emergence of electronic music has been prepared by the development Sonorant interpret sound in the works of composers of the first half of the twentieth century. Electronic music originated in Germany and was first declared itself in 1951, when the summer course of contemporary music in Darmstadt B. Mayer-Epplerom was shown a sample of mounting “elektrozvukov. Major representatives of e-schools – the Germans Herbert Aymert, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Hans Werner Henze, Henri French Pusser, Pierre Boulez, Italian, Bruno Maderna, Luciano Berio, TOSIR Mayudzumi Japanese, etc.

Representatives e-schools operate with a sound level of praosnovy – that is obertonovogo series. Honors electronic school strongly influenced pop, rock and modern dance music.


Folktronica

Folktronica or Electrofolk – genre of music that includes different elements of folk music and electronics. The term folktronica, which now «brand» electronic music with elements of ambient, folk, jazz, classical and hip-hop, in the creation of which is used mainly analog synthesizers.


Funk

Funk (eng. funk) – one of the fundamental currents of Afro-American music. The term refers to a musical direction, along with the soul formed the rhythm-blues-end, and – in this style of dance music. Formation of funk began in the 60-s, as opposed to the growing commercialization of rhythm-blues-end. Founders of the style were James Brown and George Clinton. Name of the style comes from the word «funky», which is slang dzhazistov denotes «whimsical, intricate manner of execution».

Funk, above all, is dance music that defines its musical features: limit sinkopirovannost parties of all instruments (bass syncopate called «funky»), a pulsating rhythm , screaming vocals, multiple repetition of short melodic phrases. Larry Graham is often attributed to the invention of «shock technology playing bass» slep, which has become a distinctive element of funk. Guitarist in fankovyh teams play in the rhythmically style, often using the sound effect of wah-wah. «Dead», or the muted notes are used in the reef to enhance the impactor. Jim Hendricks, a pioneer of funk-rock. Follower of funk in the new century was the style of synth-funk.


Fusion

fact Fusion (English “fusion”, “merger”) – is a merger of two or more musical styles (such as the English art-rock, which “splavleny” elements of classical music and rock-instrumental arrangements of the parties). However, most groups that are classified as performers Fusion, playing a fusion of jazz and rock, the founder of which is the jazz trumpeter Miles Davis: He was the first person in the mid-60′s use the power and rhythm of rock music in the long jazz improvisation. Many followers of Davis – John McLaughlin, Tony Williams, Billy Kobhem, Chick Coria, Joseph Zauinul and Wayne Shorter – slightly modified “fusion” of jazz and rock, moving the emphasis on rock, which ensured the success of the style in youth. For this direction was the typical complex piano and guitar chords, virtuoso instrumental solos. In the late 70′s jazz saxophonist Ornett Coleman, known as a virtuoso free-jazz, jazz-rock, made Fusion a powerful, dynamic, and called his version of the “harmonic Fusion”.


Pop

Pop (eng. Pop-music from the Popular music) – the direction of modern music, the type of modern mass culture. This is not just popular music, but also based on the traditional Western world pop rhythms. In different regions of the world, it is based on western pop rhythms, but only with certain elements of the regional varieties of local traditional music. Pop music can mimikrirovat of different musical styles, the most popular at the moment, but the rhythmic foundation changed little. Therefore, pop-music little effect on the music of different genres and styles.


House

This style emerged in the mid 80′s in Chicago. In the undivided rule of the disco era, this style was very fussy, and certainly in a very narrow ultramodnym progressive circles. Style house has been created exclusively for dance and created exclusively by electronic musical instruments, drum machines and synthesizers. There are several versions of the origin of the name of this style. One of them states that the House named in honor of the Club Warehouse, where local DJs began to mix music Kraftwerk with straight bats made in the drum-machine. House music since then much has changed in the 90′s it became the most relevant and trendy, on the basis of dozens of new born Hausa styles and house-song won its leading place in the charts. House no doubt, the main style of the 90′s. You do not need to explain, it sounds like House. House music is not very fast, about 130-140BPM, accompanied by perfectly straight bit (on every second shot the barrel put cotton or snare), for each share of the sixteenth sounds het. That’s the whole house. Modern House back to the roots, and began to use many elements of disco, so that by the end of the nineties this was the revival of this style. However, it was not too solemn by the fact that pop culture definitively rooted hip-hop and house now belongs already to the style of last century.


IDM

complexity term intended to describe the electronic music of 90-ies, which may be equally convenient to use on the dance floor and at home. Over time, style of IDM (Intelligent Dance Music) to a large extent, acquired a negative reputation among musicians and fans of dance, which was led by only one question, whether they play a mindless dance music or not. Born in the late 80′s, the sound has grown from a combination of heavy dance, sing mostly reyverskih parties and large club events, plus downtempo.Takie DJs, as Mixmaster Morris, and Dr. Alex Paterson joined Chicago house, soft synthesized pop / new wave with the ambient, by encouraging the emergence of a new wave of musicians, inspired by a great variety of music sources. (In those years, many DJs and musicians also protested against the growing chartovoy orientation of British dance music on the example of the new hit “Pump Up the Jam” by Technotronic commands and “Sesame’s Treat” by Smart E’s.) Record company Sheffield’s Warp Records has worked with the best representatives of the genre really valuable collection of studio Warp called Artificial Intelligence introduced listeners worldwide with half a dozen centers in the style of the artists: Aphex Twin, the Orb, Plastikman, Autechre, Black Dog Productions, and B12. Other major record companies Rising High, GPR, R & S, Rephlex, Fat Cat, Astralwerks also do quality releases IDM, although by the mid-90′s most of the music in the style of electronica, the recording for the audience, prompted the studio to further experiments, and the bit orientation . In the absence of a central, commercial stage, North America became the most fertile and hospitable soil for IDM, and by the end of 90-ies of the dozens of reputable studios opened their doors to work with the musicians in this style, including the Beat, Isophlux, Suction, Schematic, and Cytrax. Despite frequent attempts to change the style (studio Warp suggested the term “electronic listening music”, and Aphex Twin highlighted “braindance”), style IDM remained viable way for fans to express their preference is usually confusion.


Indie

“independent” rock. Typically, the definition of “indie-bands” (and, accordingly, “indie rock”) into groups and performers who work outside the interests of large corporations and are recorded on the so-called “indie” – or “independent” firms. Often, “independence” of these companies means a low-budget, more often – the desire to play and promote the music that interested in a very limited range of listeners, that is commercially unpromising. The English and American music press tend to look at indie-rock as art snob, but in some cases, “independent” create a truly talented group of works for which the general public is not sufficiently prepared. Generally, indie-style group has no connection with their “independence” – it can hardrokovye group or the psychedelic, the main thing that unites them – the desire for some kind of artistic integrity and a declaration on “neprodazhnosti art.” Since the early 90-ies of the concept of “indie” and “alternative rock” became synonymous. Typical representatives of: Nirvana, Jesus Lizard, Porno For Pyros, Sonic Youth, etc.


Industrial

Culture, conceived and created as antimuzyka, lasted not long. Music really has become a perceived noise as music, it is bought and sold, “caresses” the ears of hundreds of people around the world. To the world of electronic music is obviously relevant, if only because one side at the origin of all that stood by Kraftwerk.
Styles Industrial distinguish at: Percussion Industrial, Improve Industrial, Industrial Noise, Musique Concrete, Electro Body Music, Aggro-industrial and Darkwave.

This dissonant, dramatic music came from experiments with electronics and sound recordings of such groups of the mid 70′s, like Cabaret Voltaire and Throbbing Gristle (the name of the label from the second them – Industrial Records – a name given the new style). This music has been saturated with electronics, distortion, and was too avant-garde to rock music of that period. After these initial samples in the mid-80′s emerged the group Industrial Dance, such as the Ministry, Front 242, Nitzer Ebb, Skinny Puppy. Over the next decade became the Industrial tyazhelometalicheskim by such artists as Nine Inch Nails, White Zombie, Marilyn Manson, have acquired a wide popularity.


Jazz

Jazz (eng. Jazz) – a form of musical art that emerged in the early XX century in the United States as a result of the synthesis of African and European cultures, and subsequently received widespread. Characteristic features of the musical language of jazz improvisation originally began, poliritmiya based syncopate rhythms, and a unique set of methods executed rhythmic textures – swing. Further development of jazz occurred through the development of jazz musicians and composers of new rhythmic and harmonic patterns.


Latin

Latin (Spanish música latinoamericana) – known as musical styles and genres of Latin America, as well as the music coming from these countries, live in the territory of other States and form a large Latin American community (for example, in the United States). In the spoken language is often used abbreviation «Latin Music» (Spanish música latina).
Latin American music, whose role in the daily life of Latin America is very high, is a blend of many musical cultures, but it is based on three components: a Spanish (or Portuguese), African and Indian musical culture. As a rule, Latin American songs performed in Spanish or Portuguese languages and, more rarely – in French. Latin American artists living in the United States are usually bilingual, and often use texts in English.

Spanish and Portuguese music is not an American, being, however, is closely linked with the latter a large number of links, with the influence of Spanish and Portuguese music in the Latin American mutual.


Lo-Fi

Lo-Fi (eng. Lo-fi) – the direction in music, characterized by poor quality sound recording. Many Low-file group writes his music on the cheap cassette recorders. This is a peculiar form of protest, which has alternative roku.Lou-file movement began long ago. All the early rock-n-rollnye recording (Buddy Holly, The Beach Boys, Beatles), garage rock the 1960′s, albums, The Velvet Underground, punk-rock end of 1970 can be attributed to the lowe-fayu. However, as a separate genre, lowe-file identified alternative rock 1980′s. Then indie-rockers preferred to enroll in non-chetyrehdorozhechnyh magnitofonah.Lou Sounds gained wide popularity only in the 1990′s by such groups as Beck, Sebadoh and Pavement. To date, many release group mp3 scene used the term Lo-Fi, placing it in the ID3 tags of music genre to denote membership of a mp3 release to the style of quiet, calm and beautiful music with a slow rhythm: chill out, lounge, downtempo, trip hop, acid jazz, etc.


Lounge

Lounge (Lounge also) (eng. lounge music) – the term in popular music to describe the light, background music, which initially often sounded in the hall (hence the and the name – engl. lounge – lounge, sitting room, lounge), hotels, shops, cafes, in elevators. In contrast to the more general term «soft music», to lounge jazz is characterized by a greater influence, the chamber and improvisation. Despite the fact that there was a specially recorded music for such purposes, the term «lounge» encompasses a broad spectrum of artists of different genres – from jazz, bossanovy to electronics. A common characteristic of a light, soothing song. Just lounge performer can be a musician, playing to the public, with restaurants and shops. With lounge music events are associated with a pre-Martini. In the music industry with the United States crossed the so-called lounge music bach room – another format other than the presence of experimentally-kitchevyh performers.


Noise

often received opinion that the noise is almost the same as Dark Ambient and this is probably correct. As well as ambient, pure noise, characterized by a lack of clear melody and rhythm, but is more gravity and dark sound, and usually very dirty sound. For the noise is characterized by industrial noise and the game at random matches sounds. Also identify areas such as rhytm & noise (also sometimes use the term Power Electronics), ie rhythmic noise (Master / Slave Relationship, Hunting Lodge, Esplendor Geometrico, PAL, Blackhouse, Allerseelen) and japanoise (Aube, Merzbow, Masonna), ie Japanese noise, the most radical form of noise, compositions in which typically represent the odnotonovye aggressive noises.


Psychadelic

History Goa style very intricately. Several decades ago, the term referred to the style of music that were performed in the town of Goa in India. European musicians, inspired by Indian philosophy, culture and aesthetics, have tried to express their feelings in music and style is also called Goa. Gradually, the notion of Goa-Trance several blurred many of the musicians that originated as a reference by the followers of the Indian culture of Goa-trance tracks, began to sculpt their own creations, not an inch did not attempt to delve into the roots of this Goa music. Goa-trance music has been called, produced by hit. Gradually, the styles did split from this pseudo-music Goa a separate stratum as Psychedelic Trance. Origin of Psychedelic Trance British Isles, then this style has spread to Germany, Holland, Denmark and other countries of Western Europe. What is Goa-Trance? This is a soft style. There are no hard bits. Basis Goa melody and harmony. Psychedelic includes intricate sintezatornye line, transformed, sometimes sharp and bright, the sounds associated with hi-tech/space style. In both styles there is no heavy bass, although there are additions of pulse ultra-low bass. Under this music you can meditate, you can dance, you can chew. Goa / Psychedelic Trance is not a pure dance style, this is a complex compilation of various styles and concepts from esoterics. Traditional Indian instruments such as sitar and Sadore (or their electronic analogs) are often used when creating the music, combined with a strong, hypnotic synthesizer, which has always been famous for trance. This style is much less suitable for DJs and vinyl records than any other electronic dance styles (instead of vinyl is often used by DAT). Therefore Goa style until the end of 90 years had a relatively small number of DJs, promote its world-wide. These record companies as the Dragonfly, Blue Room Released, Flying Rhino, Platipus, and Paul Oakenfold’s Perfecto Fluoro become an important source of the emergence of new musical material. The most popular English DJ Oakenfold, finally, Goa trance has a large number of fans who lacked for several years. He promote this music in the radio and in clubs across the country. In Britain (Return to the Source) Goa trance was also well received, the studio has released three compilation of the best trance music. Labels: Perfecto Fluoro, Tip Records, Symbiosis Records, Flying Rhino, Blue Room, Transient.


Rap

Rap (English rap, rapping) – rhythmic recitative, normally reads the music with a bit heavy. Artist rap called reperom, or more general term MC.

Rap – one of the main elements of the style of hip-hop music, often used as a synonym for the notion of hip-hop. But rap is not just in hip-hop music, but also in other genres. Many performers use a drum and bass rap. In rock music it is found in such genres as repkor, nu metal, alternative rock and alternative rap. Pop musicians and performers of contemporary RnB also often use rap in their compositions.
The word «rap» comes from the English rap – knock, strike (a hint at the rhythm of rap). To rap also means «talk», «talk». [2]
Later arose the erroneous theory-bekronimy on which the word rap – supposedly an abbreviation. Called decryption type «Rhythm and Poetry» (Rhythm and Poetry), «Rhytmic African Poetry» (African rhythmic poetry), or «Radical amerisan Poetry» (Radical American poetry), and so on. Rap first appeared in the 1970′s, among African-American district Bronx, where his «exported» visiting Jamaican DJs. Read rap originally not for commercial purposes, but for the sake of fun and did so at first mainly DJs. These were simple rhymed couplets, addressed to the audience. Execution rechevok rhymed in the streets to this day remains a tradition of black neighborhoods. In addition, the so-arranged. «Batlle» – verbal duels in which two rapper pererugivalis, preserving rhyme and rhythm. Batlle can not just abuse, it can be feed zarifmovannogo text on a topic.

genre and culture of hip-hop, the main part of which is rap, reached a peak of popularity in the 1990′s. Also, rap has had a major impact on the R’n’B-music.


R & B

R & B – (Rhythm and blues), blues vocal and instrumental style of black music 1930. arising under the influence of swing. Subsequently commercialize. It is considered one of the earliest forms of black rock. Commercial modifications of established white musicians are “rock-n-roll” and “Twist.”


Reggae

reggae music was born in Jamaica in the early 60′s, its origins, many tributaries: Ska, Rock-Steady, calypso (music of Trinidad and Tobago) , Zouk (Music Antilles), Soul, and of course Jazz. In the middle of the century Caribbean musical styles, Ska and calypso became fashionable among the British colonists in Jamaica and spread throughout the New Light and became popular among Europeans. In Jamaica, at that time were violent socio-political developments, and it’s time to the music reflect the social context. Blacks yamayktsam had a sound that would be transferred entirely to the mood and attitude to what is happening in their lives. New music is heard with “the streets unemployed.” It was a slow combination of Ska and Rock-Steady c heavy bass line. Centers for young people of both sexes had a “disco” – Dance hall or the dances and all sorts of “straining” in the crowded urban tussovke lyumpenov regularly occurred at the “dancing”. Then, in one of the first Bob Marley song “grubiyanam” (rude boys) to “poostyt” – the song become socially meaningful. Arrival in Jamaica in 1966, His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I caused extraordinary uplift the majority yamayktsev. For rastafariantsev it was an event aysklyuchitelnoy importance. His name and with faith in the Lord Aysén all the best in reggae. When the good dance music is based on emotional expression, hymns were born. Bob Marley, Peter Tosh and Bath Ueyler – revolutionaries with guitars, their appeal – the revolt of spirit, through awareness of its reality, as well as through the intention to shed the shackles of slavery of habit to follow her path. Their global message to all the oppressed has been a global same response: “Get up! Awake! Awake for their rights!” Clearly, getting the opportunity to write and publish their own music, Africans turned to its tradition and found the sound that is called: “ROOTS” and issued “on the mountain” a musical production under the title: “reggae.” I must say that the movement “Rastafaray” develops independently of reggae, but there are many musicians in the commends their songs praise the Almighty.



Tango

Tango (Spanish tango) – 1. The ancient Spanish folk dance. Pair ballroom dance free song, featuring an energetic and precise rhythm. 2. Music for this dance. Originally been developed and distributed in Argentina and Uruguay, and then became popular throughout the world. Previously, the tango was known as tango criollo, or simply tango. Today there are many tango dance styles, including Argentine Tango, Uruguayan Tango, ball tango (American and International styles), Finnish tango and antique tango. Argentine tango is often regarded as the «authentic» tango because it is closer to the originally danced in Argentina and Uruguay.
Music and dance elements of tango are popular in the activities related to dancing, gymnastics, figure skating, synchronized swimming, etc.


Techno

Techno originates from electronic house music developed in Detroit in the mid 80-ies. Where house still has a clear relationship to disco, even when the style was entirely mechanical, techno direction always refers to a strictly electronic music, designed specifically for a certain small audience. The first musicians and DJs in the style of techno Kevin Saunderson, Juan Atkins and Derrick May focuses on the electronic, synthesized bits artists electro-funk, such as Afrika Bambaataa and working towards the synth-rock, like Kraftwerk. In the United States was the only techno andegraudnym phenomenon, but in Britain it has escaped to the main arena of country music in the late 80′s. In the early 90′s techno started to fall a lot subzhanrov, including hardcore, ambient and jungle. In the style of hardcore techno, the number of beats per minute in each song has been increased to ridiculous and impossible to dance of this was done to cool and alienating the broad masses of fans. In the case of the Ambient style, everything happened the other way around – has a rhythm and decrease the appearance of spatial electronic textures, it was used as the relaxing music when reyveram and youth club was needed respite from acid house and hardcore techno. Jungle was nearly as aggressive as hardcore, combining an energetic techno bits with breakbeats and dance reggae. All subzhanry techno originally designed for use in clubs, where they mix DJs. As a result, much of the music was available in 12-inch single or collections of music, where songs were quite long, which gave DJ a large amount of material to the mix. In the mid 90′s, a new type of music in the style of techno in it were ambient performers such as the Orb and Aphex Twin, but also prefer a heavier style, like the Prodigy and Goldie, they began to create albums with songs that did not contain the raw material for de-джейских mixes. Not surprisingly, these musicians in particular the Prodigy were the stars of world techno.


Trance

This style escaped to freedom in the early 90′s, leaving behind a German techno and hardcore. Trance is based on endless repetition of short samples synthesizer throughout the track, with minimal modifications are allowed rhythm and frequency synthesizer to be able to distinguish between the songs. The effect of such music is that listeners are immersed into a state of trance, similar to religion. Despite the declining interest in music in the mid 90′s, trance is back again, but closer to the end of the century, displacing the world music arena style house, as the most popular style of alternative dance music. Due to the influence of acid house and Detroit techno, trance development coincided with the opening of studios R & S Records (Ghent, Belgium) and Harthouse / Eye Q Records (Frankfurt, Germany). R & S defined format with singles such as “Energy Flash” (Joey Beltram), “The Ravesignal” (CJ Bolland) and other compositions of Robert Leiner, Sun Electric and Aphex Twin. Harthouse Studio was opened in 1992 Sven Vath, together with Heinz Roth & Matthias Hoffman. She has had a significant impact on the very sound of trance, through the compositions of Hardfloor ( “Hardtrance Acperience”) and compositions Vath ( “L’Esperanza”), plus the entire team releases Arpeggiators, Spicelab and Barbarella. Such musicians as Sven Vath, Bolland, Leiner, and many others began to play music in full (no abbreviations), although it made no specific turns in the world of music. Despite the long period of formation and development, style, trance completely disappeared from the world scene, having completed its influence on British musical culture in the late 90′s, he was replaced by breakbeat dance (trip-hop and jungle). A classic German sound all the same has made his changes, so has the term “progressive” trance, is used to describe the impact of mild forms of house and Euro dance. By 1998. Most famous DJs like Paul Oakenfold, Pete Tong, Tony De Vit, Danny Rampling, Sasha, Judge Jules played a trance in the most prestigious clubs in the UK. Even the United States drew attention to (eventually) in this style, led by different DJs, including Christopher Lawrence and Kimball Collins.